Who developed the basic rules of relative dating
From many sources and many experts, I have culled some basic rules of relationships. EXAMPLE Capitalize important words in compound titles used with names, but do not capitalize prefixes or suffixes added to the titles. major words in titles of books, articles, and songs EXAMPLE - Do not capitalize century numbers 10.Local sequences are studied, and after considering such factors as the average rate of deposition of the different rocks, their composition, the width and extent of the strata, the fossils contained, and the periods of uplift and erosion, the geological history of the sequence is reconstructed. Lunar stratigraphic systems include the Copernican, Imbrian, and Nectarian archaeology, the order in which cultural layers alternate relative to each other and to the underlying and overlying rocks and deposits. The paleontological method has been extensively employed throughout the Phanerozoic.These sequences are then correlated to those of similar age in other regions with the ultimate aim of establishing a consistent geochronology for the entire earth. The term “stratigraphy” is also applied in English to the study of such a succession of layers. In the older deposits of the Precambrian, the remains of animals are encountered extremely rarely.No other scientific method has managed to revolutionize man’s understanding not only of his present but also of events that already happened thousands of years ago.Archaeology and other human sciences use radiocarbon dating to prove or disprove theories.Similarly, pollen grains released by seed-bearing plants became fossilized in rock layers.The impact of the radiocarbon dating technique on modern man has made it one of the most significant discoveries of the 20th century.
When I first got involved in the creationism/evolution controversy, back in early 1995, I looked around for an article or book that explained radiometric dating in a way that nonscientists could understand. Young-Earth creationists -- that is, creationists who believe that Earth is no more than 10,000 years old -- are fond of attacking radiometric dating methods as being full of inaccuracies and riddled with sources of error.
Over the years, carbon 14 dating has also found applications in geology, hydrology, geophysics, atmospheric science, oceanography, paleoclimatology, and even biomedicine.
American physical chemist Willard Libby led a team of scientists in the post World War II era to develop a method that measures radiocarbon activity.
stratification(Lat.,=made in layers), layered structure formed by the deposition of sedimentary rocks. Younger geological units overlie, embay, or intrude older units. Even small pieces of sedimentary rocks contain hundreds or thousands of such organisms, a fact of particular importance in determining the age of rocks in cores from boreholes.
Changes between strata are interpreted as the result of fluctuations in the intensity and persistence of the depositional agent, e.g...... Stratigraphy is based on the law of superposition, which states that in a normal sequence of rock layers the youngest is on top and the oldest on the bottom. It is therefore possible to produce geological maps of the surface of a planet or satellite, and to form a stratigraphic classification to help to understand its history. Special mention should be made of spore and pollen analysis, which is used for determining the age of sedimentary strata in all subdivisions of the Phanerozoic.